1842: Composer Arthur Sullivan, best known for the 14 comic operas produced in collaboration with the playwright W. S. Gilbert, is born in London, England. The most famous of Gilbert and Sullivan's work includes "H.M.S. Pinafore," "The Pirates of Penzance" and "The Mikado." Sullivan composed 23 operas, 13 major orchestral works, eight choral works and oratorios, two ballets, incidental music to several plays, and numerous hymns and other church pieces, songs, and piano and chamber pieces. The best known of his hymns and songs include "Onward Christian Soldiers" and "The Lost Chord."